Nagorno Karabakh, the limbo nation
Nagorno Karabakh is a landlocked region in the South Caucasus.
In 1991 its inhabitants decided for independence, shortly after the collapse of the Soviet Union. But, unluckily, they never received an international legitimacy. So, since then, most of the region has been ruled by the Nagorno-Karabakh republic, an unrecognized, de facto independent state established on the basis of the Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast.
Nevertheless this territory is still internationally recognized as part of the Azerbaijan, a country which has not exercised power over the region since then. The independence declaration led imediately to the war between Armenia and Azerbaijan, which ended in 1994 and resulted in 30.000 deaths and displacement of more of 700.000 people.
Luckily in 1994, the two nations have gone through a peace talks process and signed a cease-fire leaving Nagorno-Karabakh in a juridical limbo, an unusual state of an unrecognized country. Although it doesn't exist de jure, Nagorno-Karabakh is, de facto, a community of 140.000 people that are more concerned with their everyday lives than worrying about the legal recognition of a state.